Stochastic Geometry-based Analysis of LEO Satellite Communication Systems

Anna Talgat, Mustafa Abdelsalam Kishk, Mohamed-Slim Alouini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

This letter studies the performance of a low-earth-orbit (LEO) satellite communication system where the locations of the LEO satellites are modeled as a binomial point process (BPP) on a spherical surface. In particular, we study the user coverage probability for a scenario where satellite gateways (GWs) are deployed on the ground to act as a relay between the users and the LEO satellites. We use tools from stochastic geometry to derive the coverage probability for the described setup assuming that LEO satellites are placed at n different altitudes, given that the number of satellites at each altitude ak is Nk where 1 ≤ k ≤ n. To resemble practical scenarios where satellite communication can play an important role in coverage enhancement, we compare the performance of the considered setup with a scenario where the users are solely covered by a fiber-connected base station (referred to as anchored base station or ABS in the rest of the paper) at a relatively far distance, which is a common challenge in rural and remote areas. Using numerical results, we show the performance gain, in terms of coverage probability, at rural and remote areas when LEO satellite communication systems are adopted. Finally, we draw multiple system-level insights regarding the density of GWs required to outperform the ABS, as well as the number of LEO satellites and their altitudes.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-1
Number of pages1
JournalIEEE Communications Letters
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

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