Stimuli-Responsive Memristive Materials for Artificial Synapses and Neuromorphic Computing

Hongyu Bian, Yi Yiing Goh, Yuxia Liu, Haifeng Ling, Linghai Xie, Xiaogang Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Neuromorphic computing holds promise for building next-generation intelligent systems in a more energy-efficient way than the conventional von Neumann computing architecture. Memristive hardware, which mimics biological neurons and synapses, offers high-speed operation and low power consumption, enabling energy- and area-efficient, brain-inspired computing. Here, recent advances in memristive materials and strategies that emulate synaptic functions for neuromorphic computing are highlighted. The working principles and characteristics of biological neurons and synapses, which can be mimicked by memristive devices, are presented. Besides device structures and operation with different external stimuli such as electric, magnetic, and optical fields, how memristive materials with a rich variety of underlying physical mechanisms can allow fast, reliable, and low-power neuromorphic applications is also discussed. Finally, device requirements are examined and a perspective on challenges in developing memristive materials for device engineering and computing science is given.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2006469
JournalAdvanced Materials
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 9 2021
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Stimuli-Responsive Memristive Materials for Artificial Synapses and Neuromorphic Computing'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this