Control of the hierarchical molecular organization of polydiarylfluorenes by synthetic strategies is significant for optimizing photophysical properties as well as the performance of light-emitting devices. Herein, for the suppression of molecular aggregation and enhancement of luminescence efficiency, a series of steric units were introduced into polydiarylfluorenes by copolymerization, with the aim of integrating the advantages of the steric-hindrance effect and of the β-phase. Optical and Raman spectroscopies revealed a β-phase conformation for a polymer copolymerized with spiro[fluorene-9,9′-xanthene] (SFX), with photoluminescence (PL) peaks at 454, 482, and 517 nm. Moreover, the morphological stability and electroluminescence (EL) stability were also improved without compromising the performance of the polymer light-emitting diodes (PLEDs). Furthermore, three steric-hindrance-functionalized copolymers showed significantly decreased thresholds for amplified spontaneous emission (EthASE) and enhanced stability following thermal annealing treatment. These results indicate that steric-hindrance functionalization is a superior approach to improve the overall stability and optoelectronic properties for blue-light-emitting π-conjugated polymers.