Statics and Dynamics of w-Functionalized Block Copolymers of Styrene and Isoprene

G. Floudas*, G. Fytas, S. Pispas, Nikolaos Hadjichristidis, T. Pakula, A. R. Khokhlov

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

The statics and dynamics of ω-functionalized diblock copolymers of styrene and isoprene have been studied with small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and with rheology and dielectric spectroscopy. The asymmetric diblock copolymers (wPS ≈ 30%) had a dimethylamino or zwitterion group at either end of the chain, and the molecular weights were in the range (0.62–2.44) × 104. Depending on the temperature, the SAXS results revealed two separate levels of microphase separation, one between the polystyrene (PS) and polyisoprene (PI) blocks forming the microdomain structure and another one between ionic and nonionic material. The latter process creates sufficient contrast notwithstanding the small fraction of the zwitterionic groups. When the zwitterion is linked to the PI chain end, aggregates are formed at low temperatures within the PI phase. These aggregates manifest themselves both in rheology and in dielectric spectroscopy, respectively, with an extended rubbery plateau and with a new dielectric process associated with restricted PI segmental relaxation. When the zwitterion is located on the PS chain end, association takes place, at high temperatures, within the PS phase and acts to stabilize the new microdomain up to very high temperatures. When compared with neutral diblocks, the ω-functionalized diblock copolymers constitute a new class of materials which provide the possibility of altering the phase behavior by introducing a small amount of a polar group at one chain end.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5109-5118
Number of pages10
JournalMacromolecules
Volume28
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Statics and Dynamics of w-Functionalized Block Copolymers of Styrene and Isoprene'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this