Stable, easily sintered BaCe0.5Zr0.3y 0.16Zn0.04O3-δ electrolyte-based protonic ceramic membrane fuel cells with Ba0.5Sr0.5Zn 0.2Fe0.8O3-δ perovskite cathode

Lin Bin, Mingjun Hu, Jianjun Ma, Yinzhu Jiang, Shanwen Tao, Guangyao Meng*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


Astable, easily sintered perovskite oxide BaCe0.5Zr 0.3Ya0.16Zn0.04O3-δ (BCZYZn) as an electrolyte for protonic ceramic membrane fuel cells (PCMFCs) with Ba 0.5Sr0.5Zn0.2Fe0.8O 3-δ (BSZF) perovskite cathode was investigated. The BCZYZn perovskite electrolyte synthesized by a modified Pechini method exhibited higher sinterability and reached 97.4% relative density at 1200°C for 5 h in air, which is about 200°C lower than that without Zn dopant. By fabricating thin membrane BCZYZn electrolyte (about 30 μm in thickness) on NiO-BCZYZn anode support, PCMFCs were assembled and tested by selecting stable BSZF perovskite cathode. An open-circuit potential of 1.00 V, a maximum power density of 236 mWcm-2, and a low polarization resistance of the electrodes of 0.17 Ω cm2 were achieved at 700°C. This investigation indicated that proton conducting electrolyte BCZYZn with BSZF perovskite cathode is a promising material system for the next generation solid oxide fuel cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)479-484
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Issue number2
StatePublished - Sep 1 2008


  • BaCeZrY ZnO
  • BaSr ZnFeO
  • Pechini method
  • Solid oxide fuel cells
  • Zn dopant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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