Stability of the Ce 3+ valence state in cerium oxide nanoparticle layers

Tamaki Naganuma*, Enrico Traversa

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations

Abstract

A high concentration of Ce 3+ ions, above 80%, was created in 5 nm thick cerium oxide nanoparticle (nanoceria) layers deposited on a polymer substrate. The reduction from Ce 4+ to Ce 3+ was achieved by irradiating the nanoceria layers with Ar ions, which resulted in the formation of oxygen vacancies at the surface. The samples were exposed to ambient air and compared with nanoceria pellets. Ce retained the 3+ valence state in the particle layers, but not in the pellets, even after 47 days of exposure to humid air. Thus, the irradiated nanoceria particle layers contain a high level of Ce 3+ ions and possess an outstanding stability in air.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4950-4953
Number of pages4
JournalNanoscale
Volume4
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 21 2012
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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