Spray and microjets produced by focusing a laser pulse into a hemispherical drop

Sigurdur T Thoroddsen, K. Takehara, T. G. Etoh, C.-D. Ohl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations

Abstract

We use high-speed video imaging to study laser disruption of the free surface of a hemispheric drop. The drop sits on a glass surface and the Nd:YAG (yttrium aluminum garnet) laser pulse propagates through the drop and is focused near the free surface from below. We focus on the evolution of the cylindrical liquid sheet and spray which emerges out of the drop and resembles typical impact crowns. The tip of the sheet emerges at velocities over 1 km/s. The tip of the crown breaks up into fine spray some of which is sucked back into the growing cavity at about 100 m/s. We measure the size of the typical spray droplets to be about 3 μm. We also show the formation of fine microjets, which are produced when the laser is focused inside the drop and the shock front hits small bubbles sitting under the free surface. For water these microjets are 5–50 μm in diameter and exit at 100–250 m/s. For higher viscositydrops, these jets can emerge at over 500 m/s.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)112101
JournalPhysics of Fluids
Volume21
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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