The continuous improvement in optical energy harvesting devices motivates the development of visible light communication systems that utilize such available free energy. In this paper, an outdoor visible light communications (VLC) system is considered where a VLC base station sends data to multiple users that are capable of harvesting optical energy. The proposed VLC system serves multiple users using time division multiple access (TDMA) with unequal time and power allocation, which are allocated to achieve the system communications and illumination objectives. In an outdoor setup, the system lighting objective is to maximize the average illumination flux, while the communication design objective is to maximize the spectral efficiency (SE). A multiobjective optimization problem is formulated to obtain the Pareto front of the SE-illumination region. To this end, the marginal optimization problems are solved first using low complexity algorithms. Then, based on the proposed algorithms, a Karush-Kuhn-Tucker-based algorithm is developed to obtain an inner bound of the Pareto front for the SE-illumination tradeoff. The inner bound for the Pareto-front is shown to be close to the optimal Pareto-frontier via several simulation scenarios for different system parameters.