Spatially Resolved Large Magnetization in Ultrathin BiFeO3

Er-Jia Guo, Jonathan R. Petrie, Manuel A. Roldan, Qian Li, Ryan D. Desautels, Timothy Charlton, Andreas Herklotz, John Nichols, Johan van Lierop, John W. Freeland, Sergei V. Kalinin, Ho Nyung Lee, Michael R. Fitzsimmons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Here, a quantitative magnetic depth profile across the planar interfaces in BiFeO3 /La0.7 Sr0.3 MnO3 (BFO/LSMO) superlattices using polarized neutron reflectometry is obtained. An enhanced magnetization of 1.83 ± 0.16 μB /Fe in BFO layers is observed when they are interleaved between two manganite layers. The enhanced magnetic order in BFO persists up to 200 K. The depth dependence of magnetic moments in BFO/LSMO superlattices as a function of the BFO layer thickness is also explored. The results show the enhanced net magnetic moment in BFO from the LSMO/BFO interface extends 3-4 unit cells into BFO. The interior part of a thicker BFO layer has a much smaller magnetization, suggesting it still keeps the small canted AFM state. The results exclude charge transfer, intermixing, epitaxial strain, and octahedral rotations/tilts as dominating mechanisms for the large net magnetization in BFO. An explanation-one suggested by others previously and consistent with the observations-attributes the temperature dependence of the net magnetization of BFO to strong orbital hybridization between Fe and Mn across the interfaces. Such orbital reconstruction would establish an upper temperature limit for magnetic ordering of BFO.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1700790
JournalAdvanced Materials
Volume29
Issue number32
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 19 2017

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