Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS)-Assisted Synthesis and Thermoelectric Characterization of Magnéli Phase V6O11

Markus Joos, Giacomo Cerretti, Igor Veremchuk, Patrick Hofmann, Hajo Frerichs, Dalaver H. Anjum, Tobias Reich, Ingo Lieberwirth, Martin Panthöfer, Wolfgang G. Zeier, Wolfgang Tremel

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    4 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    The Magnéli phase V6O11 was synthesized in gram amounts from a powder mixture of V6O11/V7O13 and vanadium metal, using the spark plasma sintering (SPS) technique. Its structure was determined with synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction data from a phase-pure sample synthesized by conventional solid-state synthesis. A special feature of Magnéli-type oxides is a combination of crystallographic shear and intrinsic disorder that leads to relatively low lattice thermal conductivities. SPS prepared V6O11 has a relatively low thermal conductivity of κ = 2.72 ± 0.06 W (m K)-1 while being a n-type conductor with an electrical conductivity of σ = 0.039 ± 0.005 (μΩ m)-1, a Seebeck coefficient of α = -(35 ± 2) μV K-1, which leads to a power factor of PF = 4.9 ± 0.8 × 10-5W (m K2)-1 at ∼600 K. Advances in the application of Magnéli phases are mostly hindered by synthetic and processing challenges, especially when metastable and nanostructured materials such as V6O11 are involved. This study gives insight into the complications of SPS-assisted synthesis of complex oxide materials, provides new information about the thermal and electrical properties of vanadium oxides at high temperatures, and supports the concept of reducing the thermal conductivity of materials with structural building blocks such as crystallographic shear (CS) planes.
    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1259-1268
    Number of pages10
    JournalInorganic Chemistry
    Volume57
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 11 2018

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