Sorption and desorption of atrazine and diuron onto water dispersible soil primary size fractions

Peng Wang, Arturo A. Keller*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations


In this study, a low energy separation method was employed to separate water dispersible clay-, silt-, and sand-sized fractions. The batch equilibrium method was used to conduct atrazine and diuron sorption/desorption experiments with the bulk soils and their size fractions separately. A Freundlich sorption model provided the best fit for all sorption and desorption data. A mass balance calculation, taking into account the pesticide concentration differences in the size fraction and bulk soil, showed that pesticide sorption onto the different size fractions reproduces well the total amount of the pesticide sorbed onto the bulk soils. Due to their higher soil organic carbon content, the clay fractions were much more effective sorbents for the pesticides than the bulk soils, silt, and sand fractions. For all soils, the amount of the pesticide sorbed onto the clay fractions was more than 20% of the total amount of the pesticide sorbed by the bulk soils even though the clay fractions in these soils were only 5.3-14.0% (by weight). The clay fractions had the highest desorption hysteresis among all size fractions and the bulk soils, followed by silt fractions, implying the clay fractions had the strongest bound and least desorbable pesticide molecules. Our results suggest that attention should be paid to the pesticide sorbed to the smallest colloids, the water dispersible fraction, which can be potentially mobilized under field conditions, leading to wide spreading of contamination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1448-1456
Number of pages9
JournalWater Research
Issue number5
StatePublished - Mar 1 2009


  • Clay
  • Desorption
  • Pesticide
  • Size fraction
  • Soil
  • Sorption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecological Modeling
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

Cite this