SOMC grafting of vanadium oxytriisopropoxide (VO(OiPr)3) on dehydroxylated silica; analysis of surface complexes and thermal restructuring mechanism
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-review
Vanadium oxytriisopropoxide (VO(OPr)), 1, was grafted on highly dehydroxylated silica (SiO: aerosil silica treated at 700 °C under high vacuum) to generate compound 2 following the concepts and methodology of surface organometallic chemistry (SOMC). The resulting compound was analyzed by elemental analysis, FT-IR, H, C and V solid state (SS) NMR, Raman and EPR spectroscopies. The grafting reaction of 1 to generate 2 was found to lead to the formation of a monopodal surface complex [(Si-O-)V(O)(OPr)], 2m, as well as bipodal [(Si-O-)V(O)(OPr)], 2b, formed along with (Si-O-Pr) moieties as an effect of the classical rearrangement of 2m with strained siloxane bridges. Upon controlled thermal treatment at 200 °C under high vacuum, 2m and 2b were found to mainly rearrange to tetrahedral VO moieties [(Si-O-)V(O)] (3) with formation of propylene whereas the (Si-O-Pr) groups were preserved. The mechanism of the thermal rearrangement of the isopropoxide groups was investigated by a DFT approach revealing the occurrence of a concerted γ-H-transfer and olefin elimination mechanism.