Significant Performance Improvement in n-Channel Organic Field-Effect Transistors with C 60 :C 70 Co-Crystals Induced by Poly(2-ethyl-2-oxazoline) Nanodots

Sungho Nam, Dongyoon Khim, Gerardo T. Martinez, Aakash Varambhia, Peter D. Nellist, Youngkyoo Kim, Thomas D. Anthopoulos, Donal Bradley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Solution-processed organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) have attracted great interest due to their potential as logic devices for bendable and flexible electronics. In relation to n-channel structures, soluble fullerene semiconductors have been widely studied. However, they have not yet met the essential requirements for commercialization, primarily because of low charge carrier mobility, immature large-scale fabrication processes, and insufficient long-term operational stability. Interfacial engineering of the carrier-injecting source/drain (S/D) electrodes has been proposed as an effective approach to improve charge injection, leading also to overall improved device characteristics. Here, it is demonstrated that a non-conjugated neutral dipolar polymer, poly(2-ethyl-2-oxazoline) (PEOz), formed as a nanodot structure on the S/D electrodes, enhances electron mobility in n-channel OFETs using a range of soluble fullerenes. Overall performance is especially notable for (C60 -Ih )[5,6]fullerene (C60 ) and (C70 -D5h(6) )[5,6]fullerene (C70 ) blend films, with an increase from 0.1 to 2.1 cm2 V-1 s-1 . The high relative mobility and eighteen-fold improvement are attributed not only to the anticipated reduction in S/D electrode work function but also to the beneficial effects of PEOz on the formation of a face-centered-cubic C60 :C70 co-crystal structure within the blend films.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2100421
JournalAdvanced Materials
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 24 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

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