Recent neural architectures in sequence labeling have yielded state-of-the-art performance on single domain data such as newswires. However, they still suffer from (i) requiring massive amounts of training data to avoid overfitting; (ii) huge performance degradation when there is a domain shift in the data distribution between training and testing. In this paper, we investigate the problem of domain adaptation for sequence labeling under homogeneous and heterogeneous settings. We propose MetaSeq, a novel meta-learning approach for domain adaptation in sequence labeling. Specifically, MetaSeq incorporates meta-learning and adversarial training strategies to encourage robust, general and transferable representations for sequence labeling. The key advantage of MetaSeq is that it is capable of adapting to new unseen domains with a small amount of annotated data from those domains. We extensively evaluate MetaSeq on named entity recognition, part-of-speech tagging and slot filling tasks under homogeneous and heterogeneous settings. The experimental results show that MetaSeq achieves state-of-the-art performance against eight baselines. Impressively, MetaSeq surpasses the in-domain performance using only 16.17% and 7% of target domain data on average for homogeneous settings, and 34.76%, 24%, 22.5% of target domain data on average for heterogeneous settings.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||1|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering|
|State||Published - 2021|