Semiconductor performance of phthalocyaninato lead complex and its nonperipheral substituted derivatives for organic field effect transistors: Density functional theory calculations

Aimin Zhong, Yongzhong Bian, Yuexing Zhang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Density functional theory (DFT) calculations were carried out to investigate the semiconductor performance for the organic field effect transistor (OFET) of PbPc, PbPc(α-OC2H5) 4, and PbPc(α-OC5H11)4 {Pc2- = dianion of phthalocyanine; [Pc(α-OC2H 5)4]2- = dianion of 1, 8, 15, 22-tetraethoxyphthalocyanine; [Pc(α-OC5H11) 4]2- = dianion of 1, 8, 15, 22-tetrakis(3-pentyloxy) phthalocyanine} in terms of the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) energy, ionization energy (IE), electron affinity (EA), and their reorganization energy (λ) during the charge-transport process. On the basis of Marcus electron transfer theory, transfer integral (t) and field effect transistor (FET) properties for the three compounds with known crystal structure have been calculated. In line with the experimental result that PbPc can also work as an n-type semiconductor in addition to a p-type one, theoretical calculations reveal that PbPc has relatively large electron affinity to ensure effective electron injection from Au electrode. Introducing four ethoxy groups on the nonperipheral positions of PbPc decreases both the hole and electron injection barrier relative to Au electrode, and the hole and electron reorganization energy becomes very balanced, making PbPc(α-OC2H5)4 a better ambipolar semiconductor material than PbPc. However, nonperipheral pentyloxy substitution lifts the energy level of both HOMO and LUMO and thus decreases both the IP and EA value of PbPc, resulting in improved hole injection ability but worsened electron injection process. The transfer mobility for electron is revealed to be as large as 0.39 cm2 V-1 s-1 for PbPc and 0.16 cm2 V-1 s-1 for PbPc(α-OC5H11)4. The present work will be helpful to understand the electronic nature for PbPc to work as ambipolar semiconductor and to rationally design novel semiconductor materials for OFET usage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3248-3255
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume114
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 25 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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