Self-suspended permanent magnetic FePt ferrofluids

Panagiotis Dallas, Antonios Kelarakis, Ritu Sahore, Francis J. DiSalvo, Sebastien Livi, Emmanuel P. Giannelis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present the synthesis and characterization of a new class of self-suspended ferrofluids that exhibit remanent magnetization at room temperature. Our system relies on the chemisorption of a thiol-terminated ionic liquid with very low melting point on the surface of L10 FePt nanoparticles. In contrast, all types of ferrofluids previously reported employ either volatile solvents as the suspending media or superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (that lacks permanent magnetization) as the inorganic component. The ferrofluids do not show any sign of flocculation or phase separation, despite the strong interactions between the magnetic nanoparticles due to the strong chemisorption of the ionic liquid as evidenced by Raman spectroscopy and thermal analysis. Composites with high FePt loading (40 and 70. wt%) exhibit a pseudo solid-like rheological behavior and high remanent magnetization values (10.1 and 12.8. emu/g respectively). At lower FePt loading (12. wt%) a liquid like behavior is observed and the remanent and saturation magnetization values are 3.5 and 6.2. emu/g, respectively. The magnetic and flow properties of the materials can be easily fine tuned by controlling the type and amount of FePt nanoparticles used. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Volume407
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2013
Externally publishedYes

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