Segregating expression domains of two goosecoid genes during the transition from gastrulation to neurulation in chick embryos

Lydia Lemaire, Tobias Roeser, Juan Carlos Izpisúa-Belmonte, Michael Kessel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report the isolation and characterization of a chicken gene, GSX, containing a homeobox similar to that of the goosecoid gene. The structure of the GSX gene and the deduced GSX protein are highly related to the previously described goosecoid gene. The two homeodomains are 74% identical. In the first few hours of chick embryogenesis, the expression pattern of GSX is similar to GSC, in the posterior margin of the embryo and the young primitive streak. Later during gastrulation, expression of the two genes segregate. GSC is expressed in the anterior part of the primitive streak, then in the node, and finally in the prechordal plate. GSX is expressed in the primitive streak excluding the node, and then demarcating the early neural plate around the anterior streak and overlying the prechordal plate. We demonstrate that the GSX-positive part of the primitive streak induces gastrulation, while the GSC-expressing part induces neurulation. After full extension of the streak, the fate of cells now characterized by GSX is to undergo neurulation, while those expressing GSC undergo gastrulation. We discuss the effect of a duplicated basic goosecoid identity for the generation of a chordate nervous system in ontogeny and phylogeny.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1443-1452
Number of pages10
JournalDevelopment
Volume124
Issue number8
StatePublished - Apr 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chick
  • GSC
  • GSX
  • Induction
  • Neural plate
  • Primitive streak
  • Segregation
  • Transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Developmental Biology

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