Secrecy Analysis for Cooperative NOMA Networks With Multi-Antenna Full-Duplex Relay

Yang Cao, Nan Zhao, Gaofeng Pan, Yunfei Chen, Lisheng Fan, Minglu Jin, Mohamed-Slim Alouini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In a downlink non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) system, the reliable transmission of cell-edge users cannot be guaranteed due to severe channel fading. On the other hand, the presence of eavesdroppers can severely threaten the secure transmission due to the open nature of wireless channel. Thus, a two-user NOMA system assisted by a multi-antenna decode-and-forward relay is considered in this paper, and a two-stage jamming scheme, full-duplex-jamming (FDJam), is proposed to ensure the secure transmission of NOMA users. In the FDJam scheme, using full-duplex, the relay transmits the jamming signal to the eavesdropper while receiving confidential messages in the first stage, and the base station generates the jamming signal in the second stage. Furthermore, we eliminate the self-interference and the jamming signal at the relay and the legitimate node, respectively, through relay beamforming. To measure the secrecy performance, analytical expressions for secrecy outage probability (SOP) are derived for both the cellcenter and cell-edge users, and the asymptotic SOP analysis at high transmit power is presented as well. Moreover, two benchmark schemes, half-duplex-jamming and full-duplex-nojamming, are also considered. Simulation results are presented to show the accuracy of the analytical expressions and the effectiveness of the proposed scheme.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5574-5587
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Volume67
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

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