Seagrass Meadows Modify Drag Forces on the Shell of the Fan Mussel Pinna nobilis

Iris E. Hendriks, Miguel Cabanellas-Reboredo, Tjeerd J. Bouma, Salud Deudero, Carlos M. Duarte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

We assess the sheltering effect of Posidonia oceanica meadows on drag forces exerted on shells of the fan mussel Pinna nobilis. We examine a range of shell sizes under four unidirectional flow speeds (0.05-0.34 m s-1) and two oscillating regimes. Three meadow densities are evaluated and a control without vegetation. We found that the attenuating effect of the meadow on drag forces experienced by bivalves is determined by the form of the hydrodynamic energy, e. g., as unidirectional flow or wave action. In tidal currents, the meadow protects most sizes of bivalves, with a higher efficiency for dense meadows, while in wave dominant zones the meadow reduces drag forces for bivalves with shell areas below a threshold of 0. 019 m2, whereas larger animals experience increased drag forces within the meadow independent of meadow density. Reduction of shoot density in seagrass meadows might therefore not affect the effectiveness of the canopy to reduce drag forces on associated species like the fan mussel in wave-dominated areas while increased storm frequency could result into losses of larger individuals during periods of high wave action.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)60-67
Number of pages8
JournalEstuaries and Coasts
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2011

Keywords

  • Drag forces
  • Fan mussel
  • Pinna nobilis
  • Posidonia oceanica
  • Seagrass
  • Wave exposure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology

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