Seagrass Distribution, Composition and Abundance Along the Saudi Arabian Coast of Red Sea

Mohammad Ali B. Qurban, Manikandan Karuppasamy, Periyadan K. Krishnakumar, Neus Garcias-Bonet, Carlos M. Duarte

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Seagrasses rank among the most productive ecosystems with important implications in climate change mitigation. Tropical and subtropical seas hold the largest seagrass species richness. A total of 12 different seagrass species have been reported from the Red Sea. However, there is little information on seagrass diversity and distribution along the Saudi Arabian coast of the Red Sea. This study aims to capture: (i) the distribution and composition of seagrasses from 18°N to 28°N latitudes on a broader scale, and (ii) the species composition, distribution and abundance of seagrasses by detailed investigations at three locations along the Saudi Arabian coast: Sharma, Umluj and Jazan, representing the northern, central and southern Red Sea. The most commonly observed seagrass species along the Red Sea were Halodule uninervis (17 observations), Thalassia hemprichii (13 observations) and Halophila stipulacea (11 observations). Halophila stipulacea was the most dominant species at each of the three locations studied in more detail. Syringodium isoetifolium and Thalassodendron ciliatum were found only at Umluj, while H. ovalis and T. hemprichii were found only at Jazan. H. uninervis was observed at both Umluj and Jazan. Shoot lengths of H. stipulacea and H. uninervis showed significant differences among the three locations. The average above-ground biomass of seagrasses differed significantly among locations (analysis
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationOceanographic and Biological Aspects of the Red Sea
PublisherSpringer Nature
Pages367-385
Number of pages19
ISBN (Print)9783319994161
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 7 2018

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