Thompson sampling (TS) is a class of algorithms for sequential decision making, in which a posterior distribution is maintained over a reward model. However, calculating exact posterior distributions is intractable for all but the simplest models. Development of computationally-efficiently approximate methods for the posterior distribution is consequently a crucial problem for scalable TS with complex models, such as neural networks. In this paper, we use distribution optimization techniques to approximate the posterior distribution, solved via Wasserstein gradient flows. Based on the framework, a principled particle-optimization algorithm is developed for TS to approximate the posterior efficiently. Our approach is scalable and does not make explicit distribution assumptions on posterior approximations. Extensive experiments on both synthetic and real large-scale data demonstrate the superior performance of the proposed methods.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||AISTATS 2019 - 22nd International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2020|