SAXS from four-arm polyelectrolyte stars in semi-dilute solutions

Delphine Moinard, Daniel Taton, Yves Gnanou, Cyrille Rochas, Redouane Borsali*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have performed small-angle X-ray scattering experiments on semi-dilute solutions of highly charged star polyelectrolytes. Poly(sodium acrylate) (PANa) and poly(cesium acrylate) (PACs) stars with four arms were successfully synthesized by a combination of atom transfer radical polymerization and chemical modifications. Over a wide range of polyelectrolyte concentration Cp, these two systems as well as their equivalent linear polyelectrolytes were investigated at different ionic strengths. Scattering experiments show the existence of a scattering peak denoted as qmax, which disappears with the addition of a simple electrolyte, evidencing the electrostatic character of the interactions. We have also studied the effect of the charge parameter and the nature of the counterion (Na and Cs) on the scattering properties of these star polyelectrolytes. In the case of PACs, qmax scales with the polyelectrolyte concentration as Cp1/2 over the whole range of studied concentrations, whereas it scales as Cp1/2 (for Cp < 45 mg·ml-1) and Cp1/4 (for Cp > 45 mg·ml-1) in the case of PANa.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-97
Number of pages9
JournalMacromolecular Chemistry and Physics
Volume204
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 30 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Polyacrylate
  • Polyelectrolytes
  • Radical polymerization
  • Small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS)
  • Star polymer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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