Revisit the crystallization mechanism of vectra, a liquid crystal polymer

Tai Shung Chung, Min Cheng, Suat Hong Goh, Mike Jaffe, Gordon W. Calundann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have studied isothermal transition kinetics and crystallization mechanisms of the Hoechst Celanese liquid crystal polymer Vectra A-950 using a differential scanning calorimetry. This material is a random copolymer with a composition made of 73 mol%/27 mol% of HBA (1,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid)/HNA (2,6-dihydroxynaphthoic acid). When comparing our results to previous work on 75/25 HBA/HNA, we found some similarities as well as dissimilarities. In the case of similarities, both polymers show two types of transition processes in the low-temperature region (below 495 K). One is a fast process, which can be regarded as liquid crystal transition, and is characterized by a heat of fusion that does not vary significantly with annealing time. The other transition is a slow process related to crystal perfection and shows increases in the heat of transition and the transition temperature with increasing annealing time. However, the apparently slight difference in polymer composition also leads to a few surprising results. For example, previous work on 75/25 HBA/HNA two transition peaks (slow and fast processes) were observed after annealing it at 505 K, while in the current work only one transition peak in the case of 73/27 HBA/HNA was observed. In addition, based on the relationship between heat of fusion and annealing time, the LCP made from 73/27 HBA/HNA may perfect faster (in the time scale we study); hence, its posttreatment processes may be accomplished more efficiently than that of 75/25 HBA/HNA. This result also suggests that the former may have a better sequence or a better matching of molecular dimensions for crystallization than that of the latter.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1139-1150
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume72
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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