Response of methanogen populations to organic load increase during anaerobic digestion of olive mill wastewater

Aurora Rizzi, Mauro Zucchi, Sara Borin, Massimo Marzorati, Claudia Sorlini, Daniele Daffonchio*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Process performances of an upflow anaerobic filter treating olive mill wastewater and the response of methanogenic Archaea to increasing volumetric organic load (VOL) were studied. At a VOL of 15 g chemical oxygen demand (COD) L-1 day-1, 90% of the infiuent COD was removed. Following a VOL increase from 6 to 15 g COD L-1 day-1, the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) titre of hydrogenotrophic Methanobacterium, determined by magnetic capture of the target DNA and group-specific PCR based on the 16S rRNA gene, decreased from 1011 to 108 cells g-1 sludge, while that of Methanomicrobiaceae and relatives increased from 104 to 106 cells g-1 sludge. Methanosaeta-like acetoclastic methanogens were less affected by VOL variation and dominated at high VOL with a 16S rRNA gene PCR titre of 109 cells g-1 sludge. Single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis of the PCR-amplified archaeal 16S rRNA gene showed a stable band pattern, indicating that VOL variation affected the methanogen PCR titre but not the archaeal community structure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1556-1562
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology
Volume81
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2006

Keywords

  • Anaerobic digestion
  • Methanogens
  • Olive mill wastewater
  • Organic load
  • PCR monitoring
  • SSCP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)

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