This paper discusses the possibility of using observer-based approaches for cardiovascular anomalies detection and isolation. We consider a lumped parameter model of the cardiovascular system that can be written in a form of nonlinear state-space representation. We show that residuals that are sensitive to variations in some cardiovascular parameters and to abnormal opening and closure of the valves, can be generated. Since the whole state is not easily available for measurement, we propose to associate the residual generator to a robust extended kalman filter. Numerical results performed on synthetic data are provided.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||2014 European Control Conference (ECC)|
|Publisher||Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Jun 2014|