Replisome speed determines the efficiency of the Tus−Ter replication termination barrier

Mohamed Elshenawy, Slobodan Jergic, Zhi Qiang Xu, Mohamed Abdelmaboud Sobhy, Masateru Takahashi, Aaron J. Oakley, Nicholas E. Dixon, Samir Hamdan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

In all domains of life, DNA synthesis occurs bidirectionally from replication origins. Despite variable rates of replication fork progression, fork convergence often occurs at specific sites. Escherichia coli sets a 'replication fork trap' that allows the first arriving fork to enter but not to leave the terminus region. The trap is set by oppositely oriented Tus-bound Ter sites that block forks on approach from only one direction. However, the efficiency of fork blockage by Tus-Ter does not exceed 50% in vivo despite its apparent ability to almost permanently arrest replication forks in vitro. Here we use data from single-molecule DNA replication assays and structural studies to show that both polarity and fork-arrest efficiency are determined by a competition between rates of Tus displacement and rearrangement of Tus-Ter interactions that leads to blockage of slower moving replisomes by two distinct mechanisms. To our knowledge this is the first example where intrinsic differences in rates of individual replisomes have different biological outcomes. ©2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)394-398
Number of pages5
JournalNature
Volume525
Issue number7569
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 31 2015

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