Removal of fluoride from photovoltaic wastewater by electrocoagulation and products characteristics

N. Drouiche*, H. Lounici, M. Drouiche, N. Mameri, N. Ghaffour

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Efficient treatment of fluoride-containing wastewater efficiently has been important for environmental engineers in Algeria. An appropriate concentration of fluoride in drinking water is required to prevent dental cavities, but long-term ingestion of water that contains more than a suitable level of fluoride causes bone disease and mottling of the teeth. The CMP wastewater from a UDTS. was characterized by high suspended solids (SS) content, chlorates, hydroxylamine, high turbidity (NTU), chemical oxygen demand (COD) concentration up to 7.00 mgl-1 and fluoride concentration up to 1000 mgl-1. Currently, the cheapest way to remove fluoride from semiconductor wastewater is to produce calcium fluoride (CaF2) by adding lime or another calcium salt. The aim of this paper is to propose an efficient and low cost treatment of chemical mechanical polishing wastewater process based on electrocoagulation with iron bipolar electrodes. The performance of a pilot scale electrochemical reactor equipped with iron bipolar electrodes and an anode active area surface of about 170 cm2 was studied. In addition, sludge settling after electrocoagulation was characterized.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)236-241
Number of pages6
JournalDesalination and Water Treatment
Volume7
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Fluoride removal
  • Iron bipolar electrode
  • Physicochemical interaction
  • Sludge structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Ocean Engineering

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