Relative contributions of germline gene variation and somatic mutation to immunoglobulin diversity in the mouse

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17 Scopus citations

Abstract

The relative contributions of germline gene variation and somatic mutation to immunoglobulin diversity were studied by comparing germline gene sequences with their rearranged counterparts for the mouse V(H), V(κ), and V(γ) genes. The mutation rate at the amino acid level was estimated to be 7.0% in the first and second complementarity-determining regions (CDRs) and 2.0% in the framework regions (FRs). The difference in the mutation rate at the nucleotide level between the CDRs and FRs was of the same order of magnitude as that for the amino acid level. Analysis of amino acid diversity or nucleotide diversity indicated that the contribution of somatic mutation to immunoglobulin diversity is ~5%. However, the contribution of somatic mutation to the number of different amino acid sequences of immunoglobulins is much larger than that estimated by the analysis of amino acid diversity, and more than 90% of the different immunoglobulins seem to be generated by somatic mutation. Examination of the pattern of nucleotide substitution has suggested that clonal selection after somatic mutation may not be as strong as generally believed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)156-167
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular biology and evolution
Volume3
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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