Cd2+ can be removed from water by reaction with hydrogen adsorbed on the surface of alumina supported nickel particles. A redox reaction between Cd2+ and adsorbed hydrogen occurs with formation of Cd (0) and two protons. The in situ EXAFS studies were carried out in water at the Cd K-edge during the grafting reaction, and at various nickel coverages by cadmium. At low coverage, the Cd(0) is interacting with ca. four surface nickel atoms at a distance of 2.64 Å. Cd completes its coordination sphere by interacting with ca. two water molecules at a distance of 2.27 Å. At higher coverage, Cd is bonded to only three surface nickel at a distance of 2.61 Å and to ca. three water molecules, at a distance of 2.25 Å. The rather small Cd-Ni distance found by EXAFS may result from a slight polarization of the Cd-Ni bond. Cadmium deposition is thermodynamically driven by the formation of these Cd-Ni bonds (underpotential deposition) and is then limited to a monolayer of cadmium atoms deposited onto the nickel surface.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films