Redox Species-Based Electrolytes for Advanced Rechargeable Lithium Ion Batteries

Jun Ming, Mengliu Li, Pushpendra Kumar, Ang-Yu Lu, Wandi Wahyudi, Lain-Jong Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Seeking high-capacity cathodes has become an intensive effort in lithium ion battery research; however, the low energy density still remains a major issue for sustainable handheld devices and vehicles. Herein, we present a new strategy of integrating a redox species-based electrolyte in batteries to boost their performance. Taking the olivine LiFePO4-based battery as an example, the incorporation of redox species (i.e., polysulfide of Li2S8) in the electrolyte results in much lower polarization and superior stability, where the dissociated Li+/Sx2– can significantly speed up the lithium diffusion. More importantly, the presence of the S82–/S2– redox reaction further contributes extra capacity, making a completely new LiFePO4/Li2Sx hybrid battery with a high energy density of 1124 Wh kgcathode–1 and a capacity of 442 mAh gcathode–1. The marriage of appropriate redox species in an electrolyte for a rechargeable battery is an efficient and scalable approach for obtaining higher energy density storage devices.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)529-534
Number of pages6
JournalACS Energy Letters
Volume1
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 16 2016

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