Quaternary ammonium membrane materials for CO2 separation

Sergey Shishatskiy, Jan Roman Pauls, Suzana Nunes*, Klaus-Victor Georg Peinemann

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations

Abstract

Quaternary ammonium compounds are known to have extremely high affinity to carbon dioxide. Two new highly hydrophilic compounds containing one or two quaternary ammonium moieties attached to the reactive trimethoxy silane were synthesized and studied for physico-chemical and gas transport properties in the dry and wet environments. Both compounds in the form of blends with PEBAX® MH 1657 showed high CO2 solubility coefficients and high CO2/N2 (up to 1500) and CO2/H2 (up to 1350) solubility selectivity. The dry gas measurements revealed the presence of specific interaction with CO2 resulting in strong binding of the gas molecule to the polymer active center resulting in increased solubility and decreased diffusion coefficients. At low temperatures CO2 was irreversibly sorbed in the quaternary ammonium compound and was released only at temperatures higher than 60°C. For the sample modified by co-hydrolysis with TEOS the temperature of 60°C was found to be an additional transition point giving for H2, N2, O2 and CO2 break on the solubility coefficient Arrhenius plots. Measurements carried out with humid feed revealed up to 35-fold increase of gas permeability without CO2/N2 and CO2/H2 ideal selectivity loss compared to the dry gas measurements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)44-53
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume359
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2010

Keywords

  • CO separation
  • Facilitated transport
  • Fixed-site carrier
  • Membrane
  • Quaternary ammonium
  • Silane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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