Quantum Dots in Two-Dimensional Perovskite Matrices for Efficient Near-Infrared Light Emission

Zhenyu Yang, Oleksandr Voznyy, Grant Walters, James Z. Fan, Min Liu, Sachin Kinge, Sjoerd Hoogland, Edward H. Sargent

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Quantum-dot-in-perovskite solids are excellent candidates for infrared light-emitting applications. The first generation of dot-in-perovskite light-emitting diodes (LEDs) has shown bright infrared electroluminescence with tunable emission wavelength; however, their performance has been limited by degradation of the active layer at practical operating voltages. This arises from the instability of the three-dimensional (3D) organolead halide perovskite matrix. Herein we report the first dot-in-perovskite solids that employ two-dimensional (2D) perovskites as the matrix. 2D perovskite passivation is achieved via an in situ alkylammonium/alkylamine substitution carried out during the quantum dot (QD) ligand exchange process. This single-step film preparation process enables deposition of the QD/perovskite active layers with thicknesses of 40 nm, over seven times thinner than the first-generation dot-in-perovskite thin films that relied on a multistep synthesis. The dot-in-perovskite film roughness improved from 31 nm for the first-generation films to 3 nm for films as a result of this new approach. The best devices exhibit external quantum efficiency peaks exceeding 2% and radiances of ∼1 W sr–1 m–2, with an improved breakdown voltage up to 7.5 V. Compared to first-generation dot-in-perovskites, this new process reduces materials consumptions 10-fold and represents a promising step toward manufacturable devices.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)830-836
Number of pages7
JournalACS Photonics
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 24 2017
Externally publishedYes

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