Pushing the limits of high performance dual-layer hollow fiber fabricated via I2PS process in dehydration of ethanol

Yee Kang Ong, Tai-Shung Chung*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

The immiscibility induced phase separation (I2PS) process was introduced as a novel method to fabricate hollow fibers with exceptionally high water permeance and reasonably high water/ethanol selectivity in dehydration of ethanol by pervaporation. As a continuation of the previous work, this study discloses the mechanisms to enhance the performance of hollow fibers spun via I2PS by elucidating the material selection at the inner-layer. Moreover, it revealed the methods to reduce mass-transport resistance by enhancing surface porosity for both inner and outer surfaces to further improve the permeation flux of the membranes. The continuous performance test demonstrates that the fibers spun from the I2PS possess a stable dehydration performance throughout the monitored period of 300 h. A comparison with pervaporation membranes in the literatures verifies the superiority of the membranes spun via I2PS process with the highest water permeation flux of 9.5 kg/m2 h and the permeate water purity of 95.8 wt % at 80°C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3006-3018
Number of pages13
JournalAIChE Journal
Volume59
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2013

Keywords

  • Dual-layer hollow fiber
  • Ethanol dehydration
  • Membrane formation
  • Pervaporation
  • Stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Pushing the limits of high performance dual-layer hollow fiber fabricated via I<sup>2</sup>PS process in dehydration of ethanol'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this