Purification and characterisation of a protease (tamarillin) from tamarillo fruit

Zhao Li, Ken Scott, Yacine Hemar, Huoming Zhang, Don Otter

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    10 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    A protease from tamarillo fruit (Cyphomandra betacea Cav.) was purified by ammonium sulphate precipitation and diethylaminoethyl-Sepharose chromatography. Protease activity was determined on selected peak fractions using a casein substrate. Sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analysis showed that the peak with the highest protease activity consisted of one protein of molecular mass ca. 70 kDa. The protease showed optimal activity at pH 11 and 60°C. It was sensitive to phenylmethylsulphonyl fluoride while ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and p-chloromercuribenzoic acid had little effect on its activity, indicating that this enzyme was a serine protease. Hg2+ strongly inhibited enzyme activity, possibly due to formation of mercaptide bonds with the thiol groups of the protease, suggesting that some cysteine residues may be located close to the active site. De novo sequencing strongly indicated that the protease was a subtilisin-like alkaline serine protease. The protease from tamarillo has been named 'tamarillin'.
    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)228-234
    Number of pages7
    JournalFood Chemistry
    Volume256
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Feb 16 2018

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