Pure crystal orientation and anisotropic charge transport in large-area hybrid perovskite films

Nam Chul Cho, Feng Li, Bekir Turedi, Lutfan Sinatra, Smritakshi P. Sarmah, Manas R. Parida, Makhsud I. Saidaminov, Murali Banavoth, Victor M. Burlakov, Alain Goriely, Omar F. Mohammed, Tao Wu, Osman Bakr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

128 Scopus citations

Abstract

Controlling crystal orientations and macroscopic morphology is vital to develop the electronic properties of hybrid perovskites. Here we show that a large-area, orientationally pure crystalline (OPC) methylammonium lead iodide (MAPbI3) hybrid perovskite film can be fabricated using a thermal-gradient-assisted directional crystallization method that relies on the sharp liquid-to-solid transition of MAPbI3 from ionic liquid solution. We find that the OPC films spontaneously form periodic microarrays that are distinguishable from general polycrystalline perovskite materials in terms of their crystal orientation, film morphology and electronic properties. X-ray diffraction patterns reveal that the film is strongly oriented in the (112) and (200) planes parallel to the substrate. This film is structurally confined by directional crystal growth, inducing intense anisotropy in charge transport. In addition, the low trap-state density (7.9 × 1013 cm−3) leads to strong amplified stimulated emission. This ability to control crystal orientation and morphology could be widely adopted in optoelectronic devices.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNature Communications
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 10 2016

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