Pure- and mixed-gas permeation properties of polydimethylsiloxane for hydrocarbon/methane and hydrocarbon/hydrogen separation

Ingo Pinnau, Zhenjie He

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

145 Scopus citations

Abstract

Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) is the most commonly used membrane material for the separation of organic vapors from permanent gases. Gas permeabilities of unfilled, isotropic PDMS films were determined over a temperature range of 35 to -20°C for pure gases and a series of binary n-butane/methane and multicomponent hydrocarbon/hydrogen mixtures. The permeabilities of all gas mixture components depend strongly on feed gas composition and temperature. An increase in organic vapor concentration, at constant feed pressure and temperature, leads to increased chain mobility in PDMS, and, therefore, higher diffusivity and permeability. The relative increase in permeability is greater for large, condensable vapors, such as n-butane, than for small, permanent gases, such as hydrogen or methane. As a result, the mixed-gas hydrocarbon/methane and hydrocarbon/hydrogen selectivities increase by increasing the feed vapor concentration. A decrease in feed temperature also results in higher organic vapor permeability and organic-vapor/permanent-gas selectivity. The mixed-gas n-butane/methane selectivity of a PDMS film increased from 9 at 35°C to 25 at -20°C using a binary feed mixture containing 2 vol.% n-butane in methane.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)227-233
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume244
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 2004

Keywords

  • Hydrocarbons
  • Mixed-gas permeation
  • Permeability
  • Polydimethylsiloxane
  • Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Filtration and Separation
  • Polymers and Plastics

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