Proton conducting membranes composed of sulfonated poly(etheretherketone) and zirconium phosphate nanosheets for fuel cell applications

Y. Kozawa*, S. Suzuki, M. Miyayama, T. Okumiya, Enrico Traversa

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

The composite membranes were prepared by dispersing particles (ZrP) or nanosheets (ZrP-NS) of layered zirconium phosphate hydrate (Zr(HPO4)2·nH2O) in sulfonated poly(etheretherketone) (SPEEK) with various ZrP or ZrP-NS contents (0-50 vol.%). Their chemical stability and proton conductivities at 40-150 °C were investigated, and compared for ZrP- and ZrP-NS-composite membranes. The enhanced chemical stability was confirmed in both composite membranes. The results of thermogravimetry (TG)-differential thermal analysis (DTA) and diffuse reflectance Fourier transform infra-red (FT-IR) spectroscopy suggests that hydrogen-bonds were formed at both the SPEEK/ZrP and the SPEEK/ZrP-NS interface and that enhanced stability is attributed to these bonds. The membrane with 50 vol.% ZrP-NS showed a high conductivity of 7.9 × 10- 2 S cm- 1 at 150 °C under saturated water vapor pressure, and a smaller relative humidity dependence of conductivity at 130 °C than the SPEEK membrane with 50 vol.% ZrP. The SPEEK/ZrP-NS composites were shown to have promising potential as membranes usable at 150 °C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)348-353
Number of pages6
JournalSolid State Ionics
Volume181
Issue number5-7
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 11 2010

Keywords

  • Composite membrane
  • Intermediate temperatures
  • Layered zirconium phosphate hydrate
  • Nanosheets
  • Proton conductivity
  • Sulfonated poly(etheretherketone)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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