Propane and propylene sorption in solid polymer electrolytes based on poly(ethylene oxide) and silver salts

S. Sunderrajan, B. D. Freeman*, C. K. Hall, Ingo Pinnau

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

113 Scopus citations

Abstract

The sorption of propylene and propane in solid polymer electrolytes based on blends of poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) and silver nitrate, AgNO3, silver triflate, AgCF3SO3, silver trifluoroacetate, AgCF3CO2, or silver tetrafluoroborate, AgBF4, are reported. These solid polymer electrolytes exhibit preferential sorption for propylene over propane due to complexation of propylene with silver ions in the polymer matrix and reduced propane solubility in the solid polymer electrolyte films relative to that in PEO alone. The order of olefin solubility in blends containing 1mol of silver ions per mole of ethylene oxide (EO) units is: AgBF4>AgCF3SO3> AgCF3CO2>AgNO3. At 35°C and 40cmHg pressure, a PEO/AgBF4 film containing 1mol of silver ions per mole of EO sorbed 5.3g propylene but only 0.083g propane per 100g of solid polymer electrolyte. AgBF4 is highly soluble in PEO and completely disrupts polymer crystallinity even at low salt concentration (approximately 10wt.%) without significantly altering the glass transition temperature. Other silver salts (e.g. AgNO3) do not dissolve completely in PEO and are much less effective at promoting enhanced olefin solubility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume182
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2001

Keywords

  • Facilitated transport
  • Olefin/paraffin separation
  • Poly(ethylene oxide)
  • Solid polymer electrolyte

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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