Propagation speed of tribrachial (triple) flame of propane in laminar jets under normal and micro gravity conditions

J. Lee, S. H. Won, S. H. Jin, Suk Ho Chung*, O. Fujita, K. Ito

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

The propagation speed of tribrachial (triple) flames in laminar propane jets has been investigated experimentally under normal and micro gravity conditions. We found in the present experiment that the displacement speed varied nonlinearly with axial distance because the flow velocity along the stoichiometric contour was comparable to the propagation speed of tribrachial flame. Approximate solutions for the velocity and concentration accounting density difference and virtual origins have been used in determining the propagation speed of tribrachial flame and the concentration field was validated from the measurement of Raman scattering. Under the microgravity condition, the results showed that the propagation speed of tribrachial flame decreased with the mixture fraction gradient, in agreement with previous studies. The limiting maximum propagation speed under the microgravity condition is in good agreement with the theoretical prediction, ie, the ratio of maximum propagation speed to the stoichiometric laminar burning velocity is proportional to the square root of the density ratio of unburned to burnt mixture.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)411-420
Number of pages10
JournalCombustion and Flame
Volume134
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2003

Keywords

  • Microgravity
  • Mixture fraction gradient
  • Propagation speed
  • Tribrachial (triple) flame

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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