Recent news illustrates the frequent occurrence of pileup crashes on highways. A predominant reason for the occurrence of such crashes is that current vehicles (including those equipped with an automatic cruise control system) do not provide drivers with advance information of events occurring far ahead of them. The use of intervehicular communication to provide advance warnings to enhance automotive safety is therefore being actively discussed in the research community. In this paper, we investigate scenarios wherein only a subset of the vehicles in a multivehicle stream is equipped with such advance-warning capabilities. These vehicles (which are equipped with the capability to receive far-ahead information) are arbitrarily distributed among other unequipped vehicles that are capable of receiving only local near-neighbor information. It is seen that there are conditions wherein even a partial equipage of the system can be beneficial to both equipped and unequipped vehicles in a mixed-vehicle stream. We demonstrate this through both simulations and a theoretical analysis. We also developed a prototype of an advance-warning system and conducted road tests to test the concept. These road tests have demonstrated the system's performance to be satisfactory, subject to good communication links, for the class of scenarios tested. © 2006 IEEE.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems|
|State||Published - Jun 1 2009|