Pressure and Temperature Dependence of the Gas-Transport Properties of Dense Poly[2,6-toluene-2,2-bis(3,4-dicarboxylphenyl)hexafluoropropane diimide] Membranes

Tai Shung Chung*, Chun Cao, Rong Wang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

The gas-transport properties of poly[2,6-toluene-2,2-bis(3,4-dicarboxylphenyl-)hexafluoropropane diimide] (6FDA-2,6-DAT) have been investigated. The sorption behavior of dense 6FDA-2,6-DAT membranes is well described by the dual-mode sorption model and has certain relationships with the critical temperatures of the penetrants. The solubility coefficient decreases with an increase in either the pressure or temperature. The temperature dependence of the diffusivity coefficient increases with an increase in the penetrant size, as the order of the activation energy for the diffusion jump is CH 4 > N 2 > O 2 > CO 2. Also, the average diffusion coefficient increases with increasing pressure for all the gases tested. As a combined contribution from sorption and diffusion, permeability decreases with increases in the pressure and the kinetic diameter of the penetrant molecules. Even up to 32.7 atm, no plasticization phenomenon can be observed on flat dense 6FDA-2,6-DAT membranes from their permeability-pressure curves. However, just as for other gases, the absolute value of the heat of sorption of CO 2 decreases with increasing pressure at a low-pressure range, but the trend changes when the feed pressure is greater than 10 atm. This implies that CO 2-induced plasticization may occur and reduce the positive enthalpy required to create a site into which a penetrant can be sorbed. Therefore, a better diagnosis of the inherent threshold pressure for the plasticization of a glassy polymer membrane may involve examining the absolute value of the heat of sorption as a function of pressure and identifying the turning point at which the gradient of the absolute value of the heat of sorption against pressure turns from a negative value to a positive one.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)354-364
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics
Volume42
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CO /CH separation
  • Diffusion
  • Films
  • Membranes
  • Permeation
  • Plasticization
  • Poly[2,6-toluene-2,2-bis(3,4-dicarboxylphenyl)hexafluoropropane diimide] (6FDA-2,6-DAT)
  • Polyimides
  • Sorption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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