Three dimensional (3D) beamforming (also elevation beamforming) is now gaining interest among researchers in wireless communication. The reason can be attributed to its potential for enabling a variety of strategies such as sector or user specific elevation beamforming and cell-splitting. Since these techniques cannot be directly supported by current LTE releases, the 3GPP is now working on defining the required technical specifications. In particular, a large effort is currently being made to get accurate 3D channel models that support the elevation dimension. This step is necessary as it will evaluate the potential of 3D and full dimensional (FD) beamforming techniques to benefit from the richness of real channels. This work aims at presenting the on-going 3GPP study item 'study on 3D-channel model for elevation beamforming and FD-MIMO studies for LTE' and positioning it with respect to previous standardization works. © 2014 IEEE.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Networks and Communications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering