Predictor Antenna: A Technique to Boost the Performance of Moving Relays

Hao Guo, Behrooz Makki, Dinh Thuy Phan-Huy, Erik Dahlman, Mohamed-Slim Alouini, Tommy Svensson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In future wireless systems, a large number of users may access the networks via moving relays (MRs) installed on top of vehicles. One of the main challenges of MRs is rapid channel variation, which may make channel estimation and its following procedures difficult. To address these issues, various schemes are designed, among which the predictor antenna (PA) is a candidate. The PA setup refers to a system with two (sets of) antennas on top of a vehicle, where the PA(s) positioned in front of the vehicle is (are) utilized to predict the channel state information required for data transmission to the receive antennas aligned behind the PA. In this article, we introduce the concept and the potential of PA systems. Moreover, summarizing the field trials for PAs and the 3GPP attempts on (moving) relays, we compare the performance of different PA and non-PA methods for vehicle communications in both urban and rural areas with the PA setup backhauled through terrestrial or satellite technology, respectively. As we show, with typical parameter settings and vehicle speeds, a single-antenna PA-assisted setup can boost the backhaul throughput of MRs, compared to state-of-the-art open-loop schemes, by up to 50 percent.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)80-86
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Communications Magazine
Volume59
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2021

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