Polymer Main-Chain Substitution Effects on the Efficiency of Nonfullerene BHJ Solar Cells

Yuliar Firdaus, Luna Pratali Maffei, Federico Cruciani, Michael A. Müller, Shengjian Liu, Sergei Lopatin, Nimer Wehbe, Guy Olivier Ngongang Ndjawa, Aram Amassian, Frédéric Laquai, Pierre Beaujuge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

“Nonfullerene” acceptors are proving effective in bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cells when paired with selected polymer donors. However, the principles that guide the selection of adequate polymer donors for high-efficiency BHJ solar cells with nonfullerene acceptors remain a matter of some debate and, while polymer main-chain substitutions may have a direct influence on the donor–acceptor interplay, those effects should be examined and correlated with BHJ device performance patterns. This report examines a set of wide-bandgap polymer donor analogues composed of benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b′]dithiophene (BDT), and thienyl ([2H]T) or 3,4-difluorothiophene ([2F]T) motifs, and their BHJ device performance pattern with the nonfullerene acceptor “ITIC”. Studies show that the fluorine- and ring-substituted derivative PBDT(T)[2F]T largely outperforms its other two polymer donor counterparts, reaching power conversion efficiencies as high as 9.8%. Combining several characterization techniques, the gradual device performance improvements observed on swapping PBDT[2H]T for PBDT[2F]T, and then for PBDT(T)[2F]T, are found to result from (i) notably improved charge generation and collection efficiencies (estimated as ≈60%, 80%, and 90%, respectively), and (ii) reduced geminate recombination (being suppressed from ≈30%, 25% to 10%) and bimolecular recombination (inferred from recombination rate constant comparisons). These examinations will have broader implications for further studies on the optimization of BHJ solar cell efficiencies with polymer donors and a wider range of nonfullerene acceptors.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1700834
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Volume7
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 21 2017

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