Polyamide-imide/polyetherimide dual-layer hollow fiber membranes for pervaporation dehydration of C1-C4 alcohols

Yan Wang, Suat Hong Goh, Tai-Shung Chung*, Peng Na

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

145 Scopus citations

Abstract

To circumvent the common swelling and deteriorated performance of integral asymmetric hollow fiber membranes for pervaporation dehydration, we have developed novel polyamide-imide (PAI)/polyetherimide (PEI) hollow fiber membranes with synergized performance with the aid of dual-layer spinning technology. Dehydration of C1-C4 alcohols has been conducted and the orders of their fluxes and permeances have been analyzed. The hollow fibers spun at 2 cm air gap and annealed at 75 °C exhibit the highest pervaporation performance: separation factors for t-butanol/water and iso-butanol/water binary systems are greater than 50,000 with flux more than 700 g/m2 h. A comparison with literature data shows that the newly developed membranes outperform most other polymeric membranes for the dehydration of IPA and butanols. The dual-layer hollow fiber membranes also exhibit good long-term stability up to 200 h. The superior performance can be attributed to (1) the balanced properties of PAI as the selective layer for dehydration pervaporation; (2) the low water uptake and less swelling characteristic of the PEI supporting layer; and (3) the desirable membrane morphology consisting of a fully porous inner layer, a porous interface, and an ultrathin dense-selective outer skin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)222-233
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume326
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 5 2009

Keywords

  • Anti-swelling
  • Dehydration
  • Dual-layer hollow fiber
  • Pervaporation
  • Polyamide-imide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Polyamide-imide/polyetherimide dual-layer hollow fiber membranes for pervaporation dehydration of C1-C4 alcohols'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this