Polyamide-imide Nanofiltration hollow fiber membranes with elongation-induced nano-pore evolution

Shi Peng Sun, Kai Yu Wang, D. Rajarathnam, T. Alan Hatton, Tai-Shung Chung*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations

Abstract

The molecular design of nanoporous membranes with desired morphology and selectivity has attracted significant interest over the past few decades. A major problemin their applications is the trade-off between sieving property and permeability. Here, we report the discovery of elongation-induced nano-pore evolution during the external stretching of a novel polyamide-imide nanofiltration hollow fiber membrane in a dry-jet wet-spinning process that simultaneously leads to a decreased pore size but increased pure water permeability. The molecular weight cutoff, pore size, and pore size distribution were finely tuned using this approach. AFM and polarized FTIR verified the nano-pore morphological evolution and an enhanced molecular orientation in the surface skin layer. The resultant nanofiltration membranes exhibit highly effective fractionation of the monovalent and divalent ions of NaCl/ Na2SO4 binary salt solutions. More than 99.5%glutathione can be rejected by the nanofiltration membranes at neutral pH, offering the feasibility of recovering this tripeptide.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1481-1494
Number of pages14
JournalAIChE Journal
Volume56
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2010

Keywords

  • Glutathione
  • Hllow fiber membranes
  • Nanofiltration
  • Polyamide-imide (PAI)
  • Torlon®

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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