Pathogen recognition by plants results in the activation of signaling pathways that induce defense reactions. There is growing evidence indicating that epigenetic mechanisms directly participate in plant immune memory. Here, we discuss current knowledge of diverse epigenomic processes and elements, such as noncoding RNAs, DNA and RNA methylation, histone post-translational modifications, and chromatin remodeling, that have been associated with the regulation of immune responses in plants. Furthermore, we discuss the currently limited evidence of transgenerational inheritance of pathogen-induced defense priming, together with its potentials, challenges, and limitations for crop improvement and biotechnological applications.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Plant Science