Traditional point cloud registration methods require large overlap between scans, which imposes strict constraints on data acquisition. To facilitate registration, users have to carefully position scanners to ensure sufficient overlap. In this article, we propose to use high-level structural information (i.e., plane/line features and their interrelationship) for registration, which is capable of registering point clouds with small overlap, allowing more freedom in data acquisition. We design a novel plane-/line-based descriptor dedicated to establishing structure-level correspondences between point clouds. Based on this descriptor, we propose a simple but effective registration algorithm. We also provide a data set of real-world scenes containing a larger number of scans with a wide range of overlap. Experiments and comparisons with state-of-theart methods on various data sets reveal that our method is superior to existing techniques. Though the proposed algorithm outperforms state-of-the-art methods on the most challenging data set, the point cloud registration problem is still far from being solved, leaving significant room for improvement and future work.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing|
|State||Published - Dec 18 2019|