Physical aging phenomenon of 6FDA-durene polyimide hollow fiber membranes

Wen Hui Lin, Tai Shung Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aging phenomenon of asymmetric 6FDA-durene polyimide hollow fibers spun with different shear rates for gas separation has been investigated. The permeances and selectivities of different gases, such as H2, O2, N2, CH4, and CO2, were experimentally determined as a function of time for around five months at room temperature. It was found that the gas permeation fluxes of the uncoated and silicone rubber-coated hollow fibers decreased significantly during the first 30 days following fabrication and then slightly deteriorated thereafter. In the early stage of aging, because of different molecular orientations and skin morphologies induced by shear rates, the percentage of permeance drop for uncoated fibers increased with increasing shear rates, then decreased with increasing shear rates. The permeance of 6FDA-durene hollow fibers coated with silicone rubber dropped more significantly than the uncoated fibers, implying that silicone rubber coating did affect the aging behavior. This might be due to the fact that silicone rubber layer hindered the molecular relaxation and tightened interface molecules between the dense selective layer and silicone rubber, thus the selectivity increased with aging. Thermal analysis data suggest two processes occurring simultaneously during the aging: one is the relaxation of shear oriented chains, and the other is the densification of chain packing through the reduction of interstitial space among chains. The former has been confirmed by an increase in CTE, while the latter was confirmed by an increase in the peak of β-relaxation temperature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)765-775
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics
Volume38
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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