Physical aging and plasticization of thick and thin films of the thermally rearranged ortho-functional polyimide 6FDA-HAB

Huan Wang, Tai-Shung Chung, Donald R. Paul*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

It was recently shown that the rate of the thermal rearrangement process of an ortho-functional polyimide is thickness dependent. Here it is shown that the gas separation properties of thermally rearranged (TR) polymer films are also affected by thickness. In this work, the physical aging and plasticization behavior of TR polymers were tracked using thin (~1-2μm) and thick (~15-20μm) films derived from an ortho-functional polyimide based on 2,2'-bis-(3,4-dicarboxyphenyl) hexafluoropropane dianhydride (6FDA) and 3,3'-dihydroxy-4,4'-diamino-biphenyl (HAB) over hundreds of hours. The thin films experienced a much greater rate of physical aging than the thick films, as indicated by the rapid decline of gas permeabilities and the gradual increase of ideal selectivities. As the thermal rearrangement temperature was increased, the aging rate of the resultant thin film did not increase extensively and the plasticization curves of the thin and thick films became closer. Long term exposure of the TR films to CO2 at 32atm over 500h shows that the CO2 permeability of the thick TR films did not show significant decline over time; whereas, the CO2 permeability of the thin TR films increased over the first several hours and decreased rapidly during further exposure time. Finally, the response of thick TR films to C2H4, C2H6 and C3H8 over long term exposure shows that physical aging is greatly accelerated when the polymer matrix is severely plasticized by the more condensable gases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-35
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume458
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 2014

Keywords

  • 6FDA-HAB
  • Hydrocarbon
  • Physical aging
  • Plasticization
  • Thermally rearranged polymer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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